2022-23 Presidential Research Scholars are explorers of human… – Ohio University

Ohio College has named four professors from arts and humanities and life and biomedical sciences as its 2022-23 Presidential Research Scholars : Neil Bernstein, Ronan Carroll, Katherine Jellison, and Patrick O’Connor.

“This year’s scholars demonstrate the depth and breadth of our faculty member’s expertise, from historical studies — associated with Roman emperors and women post the Great Depression — to scientific discoveries — as large as a dinosaur and as small like a strand of RNA, ” said David Koonce, interim vice president for research and creative activity.

The Presidential Study Scholars awards program is targeted in order to faculty members who have garnered national plus international prominence in study, scholarship and creative activity and who demonstrate clear promise for continued, significant productivity in their analysis or innovative activity.

Each award recipient receives $3, 000 to be used at the particular scholar’s discretion as an honorarium or to support research or creative works.

This year, applications were sought for Life plus Biomedical Sciences and Arts and Humanities. Next year, applications will be solicited in the categories of Social and Behavioral Sciences and Physical Sciences and Engineering.

Neil Bernstein

Neil Bernstein

Neil W. Fossiles harz: Bringing Roman literature plus epic Latin poetry to a modern audience

At an university that’s a little more than 200 years old, Neil W. Bernstein studies existence and literature that’s more than 2, 000 years old. Spoiler alert: stories associated with love, war and politics abound, and the plotlines of ancient Rome still run through today’s Hollywood blockbusters.

Bernstein’s research focuses on Latina literature from the Roman imperial period — 27 BCE to 476 CE — a period of epic storytelling, narrative poetry, declarative speeches, plus a lot of wars and social and political upheaval. Bernstein’s translations and analyses help bring this era to life for modern students plus scholars.

His first two books — ” In the Image of the particular Ancestors: Narratives of Kinship in Flavian Epic ” and ” Ethics, Identity, and Community in Later Roman Declamation ” — examine issues of family and community and ethical and interpersonal conflict within the early Roman imperial period. He’s also written a book about the tragedy of Hercules, as told by playwright Seneca, because well since a textbook helping Latin students read the play.

More recently, Bernstein has translated plus analyzed the writings associated with first-century poet and statesman Silius Italicus, particularly Punica , his 12, 000-line epic poem on Rome’s war with Carthage. Their recent book, ” Silius Italicus:   Punica , Book 9 , ” is the particular first full-scale commentary in English devoted to Punica 9, which begins the narrative of the Battle of Cannae within August 216 BC. His commentary in the book examines the particular disastrous Roman defeat at Cannae, the largest battle from the ancient Greco-Roman world.

Due out in January, Bernstein’s latest guide, ” The Complete Works associated with Claudian , ” offers a modern and accessible translation of the poet Claudian’s work, published in English for the first time since 1922. Claudian (active 395-404 AD) was the last great classical Latin poet, and his poems were major influences on European art and books.

Bernstein will be a professor of classics and religious studies within the College of Arts and Sciences.

Ronan Carroll in lab

Ronan Carroll

Ronan Carroll: Taking the particular fight against a dangerous microbe to its RNA

Ronan Carroll’s team is looking for ways to stop the potent killer, one that is getting adept in resisting antibiotics.

Research within his lab involves a team associated with postdocs, graduate and undergraduate students along with multiple projects, all focused on the bacteria Staphylococcus aureus , one of the leading causes of infection plus death by a microbe in the United States with reports that it could account for between 10, 500 and 15, 000 deaths annually.

Treatment of Staphylococcus aureus infection is usually challenging as the bacteria offers acquired resistance to a large number of commonly-used remedies. That’s why Carroll’s lab is definitely exploring how the micro organism causes disease so that they can discover new ways to fight it. One aspect of their research can be the hundreds of regulatory and small RNAs (sRNAs) that are usually potential targets for antimicrobial therapy.

Carroll has already mapped the location associated with all known sRNAs on the Staphylococcus aureus genome, thus revolutionizing sRNA studies from the microbe. Their work, funded by the National Institutes of Health and NASA, has led to may important discoveries, including a key one in his laboratory. Carroll provides identified a good sRNA called Teg41 that will plays a crucial role within how Staphylococcus aureus produces toxins and how effectively these toxins attack a host cell.

Nearly a third of the human population already has Staphylococcus aureus living in their nose, an environment which usually runs about three degrees cooler than a person’s core temperature. Carroll is working with Erin Murphy in the particular Heritage College of Osteopathic Medicine in order to study how the shift within temperature from your nose to the bloodstream could affect exactly how RNA-based regulation and protein production might make the microbe more virulent.

Carroll is certainly associate professor of biological sciences in the College associated with Arts and Sciences plus associate director of the Infectious and Tropical Diseases Institute (ITDI).

Dr. Katherine Jellison

Katherine Jellison

Katherine Jellison: Looking back from women’s role in consumer culture, rural history

In the media, Katherine Jellison is one of the particular most-quoted historians when it comes to ladies within the White House. But her research interests lie far afield through the nation’s seat of power.

A scholar associated with U. S. women’s history, Jellison offers a research portfolio developed around countryside residents, particularly women, that helped build the U. S. customer culture during the 20th century. Her first book, inch Entitled to Power: Farm Women plus Technology, 1913-1963 , ” focuses on farm-based consumers. She has released numerous journal articles and book chapters on non-urban consumers of farm equipment, household appliances, commercialized entertainment and recreation, wartime propaganda, mass-produced clothing, and products and services of medical practitioners.

In her second book, ” It’s Our Day: America’s Love Affair with the White-colored Wedding, 1945-2005 , inch Jellison shifts to a largely urban perspective to examine the nation’s transition from home-based to big-business weddings.

Her latest guide manuscript, “Amish Women plus the Great Depressive disorders, ” goes back to Jellison’s rural roots. The girl collaborates with co-author Steven Reschly associated with Truman State University to look at how Depression-era Amish females struck a balance between production and consumption to retain their family farms despite the economic crisis. The quantitative framework for their book involves a massive New Deal consumer study and interviews with 300, 000 wives and mothers conducted by Works Progress Administration employees in 1935-36. Among the women participating in the particular study were members of the nation’s oldest and best-known Amish local community — the Old Order Amish of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. Johns Hopkins University Press will publish the book in fall 2023.

Jellison is the professor of history in the University of Artistry and Sciences and movie director of the Central Region Humanities Center . Jellison helped found the Rural Women’s Studies Association and was recently named a fellow associated with the Agricultural History Society.

Patrick O'Connor, portrait

Patrick O’Connor

Patrick O’Connor: Exploring life on Earth before the particular mass extinction

Meat O’Connor walks where dinosaurs once roamed and puts together the pieces of their environment left behind some 75-66 million years ago.

His study spans through animals alive today in order to those that existed long ago during the particular Late Cretaceous Period within Madagascar, eastern and northern Africa, and Antarctica. His work includes not only describing species brand new to science but also rigorously interpreting the ecosystems in which they lived.

Combining expeditionary fieldwork with laboratory- and museum-based comparative biology, O’Connor’s analysis utilizes multiple approaches to address hypotheses related to the evolution of organisms, environments, and the particular Earth in a deep-time context. With continuous funding from the National Science Foundation plus the National Geographic Community, he provides discovered and named several new dinosaurs, crocodiles, plus mammals while revealing novel insights regarding the changing face of the planet over the particular past 70 million many years.

O’Connor’s passion for their research is fueled simply by its multi-disciplinary nature. He works with diverse teams associated with biologists and geologists, along with artists and technology communicators, to contextualize the recovered fossils and characterize past biotas and ecosystems from some of the most remote places on the particular planet. Together, they paint new pictures of lifestyle on Earth on southern hemisphere landmasses immediately preceding the planet’s last mass extinction event at the end of the Mesozoic Era.

His work exploring ecosystem dynamics, animal extinction, plus biotic recovery following bulk extinctions will be critical with regard to understanding of how organisms fit within their environments and just how ecosystems respond to large-scale environmental change on the particular planet.

O’Connor is teacher of neuroscience and anatomy in biomedical sciences in the Heritage College of Osteopathic Medicine, director of educational programs within the Heritage University Office associated with Research and Grants, and a member of the Ohio Center regarding Ecological plus Evolutionary Research .

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